It gave broad decision making powers to EU institutions. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. About Council of Europe It is European continent’s leading human rights organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe. President Ram Nath Kovind has been honoured with Croatia’s highest civilian award the Grand Order of the King of Tomislav. They also noted that, despite intensive negotiations, not enough progress has been achieved. While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India. The features of the deal are: To reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from new trucks and buses by 30 per cent by 2030. The year 2017 will be the defining year in the future of EU with the elections in France, Germany, Spain etc. Topics: Budapest • Council of Europe • Cyber Attack • Cyber-security • Cybercrimes • United Nations. The Union Public Service Commission (ISO: Saṅgh Lōk Sēvā Āyōg), commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India's premier central recruiting agency. It is in charge of proposing legislation based on the Treaties, executing the decisions taken by the Council and monitoring the implementation of existing rules, that is ensuring that Member States respect EU law. 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Established as an informal summit in 1975, the European Council was formalized as an institution in 2009 upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon. European Union is an international organisation consisting of European Countries, which was formed in 1993. Topics: Convention on Cybercrime • Council of Europe • Cyber • Cybercrime • Cybercrime in Canada • International cybercrime • Law by country • Politics by country • Racism, Council of Europe  Current Affairs, GK & News, © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Council of Europe Current Affairs, GK & News, UN to draft new international treaty on cyber crime, Council of Europe restores Voting Rights of Russia, Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe, President Ram Nath Kovind honoured with highest civilian award of Croatia. ... • M Karunanidhi re-elected as DMK President for the 11th time in a row by the newly constituted general council. Turkey inclusion was opposed therefore, among host of other reasons. Europe's top court should rule against the EU's veto of United Parcel Service's takeover bid for Dutch peer TNT because of procedural errors by regulators, a court adviser said on Wednesday. What does the European Council do? It is the largest trading bloc in the world surpassing the US. ... • A P Singh resigned as member of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Those are not political either.There is an African Union. The problem exacerbated after the global financial crisis and the accompanied Eurozone crisis which saw enhanced sovereign debts. EU members account for 16 per cent of world imports and exports. UPSC Prelims: Things to carry and not to carry! The European Council has been described by some as the Union’s “supreme political authority”. The humongous diversity splurged out after expansion to the east from 2005 particularly generated fears of cultural invasion. The United Nations on December 27, 2019, approved a new resolution in order to draft an international treaty to combat cyber crime. The spike in terrorism in Europe has given the impression that the individual nation states can do better to stop the terror elements. Next plenary meeting is scheduled to start at 16 pm today. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. The European Council is led by a president, an office that originally rotated among the heads of state or heads of government of member countries every six months. Monetary policy union in its singularity without fiscal union cannot serve the purpose of common economic development fully. Imagin… It assumes critical significance after the referendum in Britain opting out of the EU and the tendencies represented by the ascend of Donald Trump. What lessons does it hold for the volatile South Asia? What are the challenges confronting the EU today? Arctic Council Arctic Council: Notes for the UPSC Exam Arctic Council is an initiative of the Government of Finland where spokespersons from the 8 Arctic Countries met in Finland, to discuss cooperative strategies to safeguard the Arctic environment. Context: Iran has warned to withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) if the European Nations refer the dispute over its atomic programme to the United Nation Security Council. How did the European Union achieve tremendous success in cooperation despite the history of conflicts? The European Council defines the EU’s overall political direction and priorities. The cheap labour from the Eastern Europe has caused job losses in the developed parts for the non-skilled labour. Notes are available in hindi and marathi. The Convention was adopted by the .. The Eurozone is the concrete evidence of European integration, and 19 countries out of 28 EU members adopted the Euro as their common currency and about 338.6 million people use it. This initiative, put together by Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans, was well received in both European institutions and was welcomed as excellent news at COP25 in Madrid . Here at different places there are different numbers mentioned. The Russian drafted resolution was approved by 193 member .. which eventually gave the way to the Treaty of Westphalia, 1646 establishing different new states in accordance with their nationalities. • European Union lifts ban on import of mangoes from India. The European Council (informally EUCO) is a collective body that defines the European Union’s overall political direction and priorities. EU27 leaders reaffirmed their full confidence in Michel Barnier as the negotiator and their determination to stay united. The system got challenged due to a mix of factors – emerging political thought (Machiavelli, Hobbes and Locke), feudal lords, scientific temperament etc. Although there are 51 nations in the Europe, 28 … The Maastricht Treaty in 1992 brought European Union into existence. The European union, commonly known as the EU founded in 1957 after the second world war. 10 new states join the EU, bringing its membership to 25 countries in 2004. On April 15, the European Council gave final approval to a new copyright law for the 28 member states of the EU. Leaders of the European Union (EU) reached an agreement to cut the bloc’s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 per cent by the end of next decade from the 1990 level, European Council President Charles Michel announced on December 11, 2020. The gloomy fiscal scenario of some countries like Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain has destabilised the very basis of the EU concept of economic integration. The European Commission is the keystone of the European Union. The members of the European Council are the heads of state or government of the 27 EU member states, the European Council President and the President of the European Commission. The European Council brings together EU leaders to set the EU's political agenda.It represents the highest level of political cooperation between EU countries.. One of the EU's 7 official institutions, the European Council takes the form of (usually quarterly) summit meetings between EU leaders, chaired by a permanent president. It comprises of the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission. The EU is an economic and political partnership of 28 countries which aims to foster economic cooperation. The EU treaty provided for a European Parliament and European Council which consisted of representatives of the member states. The European Union has seven institutions: the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, the European Council, the European Central Bank, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Auditors. At ForumIAS, we have a dream. Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997 further cut down national vetoes and paved the way for eastward expansion. Under the Lisbon treaty, a member state wishing to leave the EU should first notify the European Council its decision, triggering Article 50. India's best website and mobile app for competitive exam preparation of UPSC, MPSC, SSC, SBI, RBI, IBPS, NDA, CDS, GRE, GMAT, CAT, CET, NMAT. Instead it sets the EU’s policy agenda, traditionally by adopting ‘conclusions’ during European Council meetings which identify issues of concern and actions to take. Ayush Export Promotion Council to be set up ... e.g. What’s the issue? This economic union involves the coordination of economic & financial policies as … It is supplemented by a Protocol on Xenophobia and Racism committed through computer systems. The migration from the civil war strife regions like the Middle East created a sentiment against the EU concept itself which is supposed to aid the migrants and their “alien” culture. European Council: It is a collective body that defines the European Union's overall political direction and priorities. The EU leaders are reportedly closing in on a new proposal which would include up to €400 billion in grants. There should be made no hurry to make expansion in the erstwhile “illiberal democracies” in the East. [Issue #3] Women – Status and Role in Society, How to prepare General Studies for Prelims, Today’s Newspaper – UPSC Current Affairs Must Read News – Latest Current Affairs Must Read News, Click here to access UPSC Mains Marathon initiative, Please visit this link for UPSC Interview Preparation. It is to be noted that the cooperation remained limited to the few Western European countries, which got extended gradually henceforth. The G7 Summit, 2019 was held on 24–26 August 2019 in Biarritz, France. At the European Council (Art. The council was established in 1974 (informal forum), 1992 (formal status), 2009 (official EU institution) It is located in Brussels (Belgium) It includes all regions of the world and will meet in August 2020. • The Council of the European Union— represents the governments of the member-states; highest decision taking body (also known as the Council of Ministers). An earthquake of magnitude 5.5 hit southern California on Thursday. Our dream is to make its members achieve their IAS dream. It was used by 1 out of 5 households in 2016. “service voucher schemes” (SVS) in several European countries. This would set in motion a process by which the member and the EU leadership will negotiate the terms of … Treaty of Rome in 1957 created European Economic Community and European Atomic Energy Community. It came into force after the signing of the Maastricht Treaty by 28 countries. The European Council: Informally called the European Summit, this is made up of the presidents or prime ministers of each member state, accompanied by their foreign ministers, and a permanent, full-time President of the European Council (since 2009, Herman Van Rompuy). The members of the European Council are the heads of state or government of the 28 EU member states. The Maastricht Treaty is also known as the Treaty of European Union (TEU). • The European … This portal ( http://forumias.com/portal ) is now deprecated and not updated any longer. Kindly rectify sir…, Daily Editorials for UPSC IAS Exam Preparation, ForumIAS is India’s leading Online website for UPSC IAS Exam Online Preparation and guidance. The European Council gives direction to the EU and convenes at least four times a year. Countries like Germany have been very vocal against the fiscal indiscipline of such countries given the fact that Germany being the largest economy within EU contributes largest for the bailout packages and IMF’s EU’s Stability Mechanism Fund. The activities of Islamic terrorists only widened the gap further. It is not one of the EU’s legislating institutions, so does not negotiate or adopt EU laws. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General. https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/ee327f0cf4ed691aed07ef2e8edab87b75a9d2143b6b4a05596a61bb29ada64c.jpg https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/c69bf3195a08e95e9dbbc31c1d00b07156b5ae51e1b4aaf1c82e31fad52b9b3f.jpg, Sir, Eurozone is composed of 19 countries as of date. … It was heralded by the requirement of rebuilding the economies after the destruction caused by war, supported by USA in its effort to counterbalance communist Soviets in the Europe. 50) working dinner on 17 October 2018, EU27 leaders reviewed the state of the negotiations with the UK. Best self study portal recommended by toppers and students which has free test series, current affairs, NCERT books and video tutorials from best teachers. The leaders of industrialized economy, along with the presidents of the European Council and the European Commission, gathered at the summitto discuss global policy issues of high relevance on diplomatic agendas. Treaty of Paris in 1951 established European Coal and Steel Community to purportedly diffuse any attempt to make arms and ammunitions from the coal and steel. To contain the “German question”, the victorious allies including France decided to create a framework where the plausibility of peace and cooperation dominates. European Council. Social media titans should pay up to use creative content - … It comprises the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission and one representative per member state; either its head of state or head of government. Belgium has a very popular SVS for domestic services such as cleaning and ironing. Britain, France and Germany launched a process last week charging Iran with failing to observe the terms of the 2015 nuclear deal. Dharamshala: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exams notification released yesterday makes “Tibetan refugee who moved to India before January 1, 1962,” eligible for all Indian civil services other than IAS, IFS and IPS. An eyewitness shared that it was a violent shake that lasted longer than five others experienced. The Indian President was honoured during his visit to Croatia to strengthen the bilateral ties. The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy also takes part in European Council meetings when foreign affairs issues are discussed. The challenges are twofold – Economic and Political. Make necessary amendments in the economic cooperation mechanisms. European Community was made by merging the aforementioned three in 1967. The organisation is separate from European Union (EU). On the political front, the issues emerged of late and are driving the current scepticism about the prospects of the EU. Today thousands of aspirants have joined the elite services such as IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS and other central and state services with the right inputs provided by ForumIAS. The European Parliament and the Council have struck a deal reduce average CO2 emissions compared with 2019 levels. Common Foreign and Security Policy and the constitutional provisions of 2009 should give more space to the nation-states while retaining basics of integration. 50) called on the Unio… The different nationalities within Europe in the mediaeval times were taken hold into one entity by the centralising religious-political institution of the Church in Rome, which defined all the secular and political aspects of life. However, it does not have the political character of the European Union.At a time when nations go behind narrow nationalism, European Union is a broad thinking. The main significance of the European Union is that it is a political union as well.Have you ever heard of an Asian Union?There is no union of Asian nations yet – only small regional groupings like ASEAN, SAARC, etc exist. Give your opinion. It is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations. In 2009, treaty of Lisbon was signed by bringing constitutional treaty of 2005 in new form (which was rejected by Netherland and France). The Convention on Cybercrime is also known as the Budapest Convention. It was established in 1949 with Headquarters in Strasbourg, France. Upon the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, the presidency was made permanent, with the officeholder being selected by European Council members. Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe at Strasbourg (France) has voted in favour of restoring Russia’s voting rights, 5 years after they were revoked over its illegal annexation of Crimean Peninsula. Meanwhile, in Brussels, the new European Commission has presented its flagship, the European Green Deal, to the European Parliament and European Council. Is it fair for the nation-states to demand sovereign power in Europe? The Single European Act in 1986 after the Schengen Agreement abolishes national vetoes in economic matters. This is an important topic for all IAS exam aspirants. The European Council defines the EU’s overall political direction and priorities. Europe is right. and the implications they will have on the global world driven by integration for quite some time now. Eurozone was created in 1999 and therefore monetary union becomes a reality in Europe by having single currency ( not all members of EU joined – 18 members out of 28 of EU today). The European Council (Art. Fast forward to the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century which saw the preponderance of the rivalry between Germany and France eventually leading primarily the Europe to the two World Wars by dividing it into two camps. Topics: Council of Europe • Crimean Annexation • European Union • France • Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe • Russia Voting Rights • Russia-EU • Strasbourg • Ukraine. What are the challenges the EU facing recently in the wake of new nationalistic furore? After bilateral talks, all the night, European Council president Michel ended a brief plenary meeting early Monday morning. Key Highlights Background: In 2014 following Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Russia was stripped of its voting rights. Highlights Under the new draft, an expert committee will be established. The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. The surge of conservative nationalistic politics in Europe has undermined the idea and institution of European Union. It was fuelled by the hints given by Donald Trump that EU should not remain dependent on NATO. Russia then responded by boycotting assembly .. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. Croatia’s highest civilian award the Grand Order of the King of Tomislav is awarded to heads of state for their .. Category: Awards, Persons & Places in News, Topics: Balkan Peninsula • Council of Europe • Croatia • EU • European Union • Grand Order of the King of Tomislav • NATO • Ram Nath Kovind • UN • United Nations • World Trade Organization • WTO • Yugoslavia • Zagreb. Ahead of the meeting, Prime Minister Theresa May updated the leaders on the UK perspective of the negotiations. 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